Spanish Articles


In Spanish there are two types of articles; the definite and the indefinite. The definite articles (el, la, los, las) refer to a specific person or thing. The indefinite articles (un, una, unos, unas) are used when the object is not clear or there is no specific object.

Definite Article

The definite article refers to a specific object among similar ones. Use the definite article with: general or abstract nouns, before languages, with seasons, time, days of the week (unless proceeded by 'ser', some countries and cities, before the names of rivers, mountains and oceans.



Lo is a neutral article used before adjectives and past participles to express a quality or an idea.

Lo + Adjective/Adverb

When lo is used together with an adjective or adverb and 'que', the meaning is 'how'.

Al and Del

When the article 'el' comes after the prepositions 'a' or 'de', they form a one word contraction 'al' or 'del'.


When the article 'el' forms part of a title or name, you can't perform the contraction. The prepositions 'a' and 'de' never make a contraction with other articles. (ie. la, los, las)