Estar and Ser

to be

'To be' in Spanish can be translated into either 'estar' or 'ser'. Below you will find the rules and uses for these two verbs along with sample sentences illustrating their use.

Estar Uses
  • Estar is used to indicate a location or position
  • Estar is used to indicate the health or mood of people
  • Estar is used to indicate a change in condition of something or someone
Ser Uses
  • Ser is used when talking about time and dates
  • Ser is used to indicate ownership
  • Ser is used when describing essential characteristics of a person or thing

Examples

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