Present Tense

presente

Rules and Uses

Click or tap on the following rules and uses of the present tense in Spanish to view sentences and listen to audio.

HABITUAL ACTION
Used to express an on going action or one that is generally repeated.
OCCURS NOW
An action that is currently happening.
PAST ACTION
Action began in the past and continues in the present. They are fromed with the verb 'hacer' + the expresion of time + 'que' + present tense verb.
HISTORIC PRESENT
Used to express an historic event that occurred in the past.
PRESENT FOR FUTURE
Used to express an action that has not yet happened.

Regular Verbs

Click or tap on a verb to see the present tense conjugation in Spanish, view sentences and listen to audio.

REGULAR AR VERBS
For all regular verbs ending in 'ar', drop the ending and add the correct ending based on the subject.
PRONOUN VERB ENDING
yo o
as
ud., el, ella a
nosotros amos
vosotros áis
uds., ellos, ellas an
AMAR
BESAR
ESTUDIAR
AYUDAR
CAMINAR
HABLAR
BAILAR
CANTAR
LLORAR
REGULAR ER VERBS
For all regular verbs ending in 'er', drop the ending and add the correct ending based on the subject.
PRONOUN VERB ENDING
yo o
es
ud., el, ella e
nosotros emos
vosotros éis
uds., ellos, ellas en
APRENDER
COMPRENDER
PROMETER
BEBER
DEBER
TEMER
COMER
LEER
VENDER
REGULAR IR VERBS
For all regular verbs ending in 'ir', drop the ending and add the correct ending based on the subject.
PRONOUN VERB ENDING
yo o
es
ud., el, ella e
nosotros emos
vosotros ís
uds., ellos, ellas en
ABRIR
ESCRIBIR
SUFRIR
AÑADIR
IMPRIMIR
UNIR
ASISTIR
SUBIR
VIVIR

Irregular Verbs

The following verbs are irregular in all persons of the present tense.

IR
SER

The following verbs are irregular only in the first person singular 'yo'.

CABER
CAER
DAR
HACER
PONER
SABER
SALIR
TRAER
VALER
VER
DECIR
ESTAR
OÍR
TENER
VENIR

Verbs That Change

The following verbs change spelling by replacing an 'e' for an 'i' in all persons except nosotros and vosotros.

PEDIR
REPETIR
SERVIR

The following verbs change spelling by replacing an 'o' for an 'ue' in all persons except nosotros and vosotros.

ALMORZAR
CONTAR
COSTAR
DORMIR
ENVOLVER
JUGAR
MORDER
MOSTRAR
MOVER
PODER
PROBAR
RECORDAR
VOLVER

The following verbs change spelling by replacing an 'e' for an 'ie' in all persons except nosotros and vosotros.

ATRAVESAR
CALENTAR
COMENZAR
CONFESAR
DEFENDER
DESPERTARSE
EMPEZAR
ENCENDER
ENTENDER
GOBERNAR
PENSAR
PERDER
QUEBRAR
QUERER
TEMBLAR

Verbs That Change

Verbs that end in 'cer' and 'cir' change spelling by replacing a 'c' for a 'zc' in the first person singular. Click or tap on the verb to see the present tense sample sentences in Spanish and listen to audio.

CONDUCIR
CONOCER
OBEDECER
OFRECER
PRODUCIR
RECONOCER
TRADUCIR

Verbs that end in 'ger' and 'gir' change spelling by replacing a 'g' for a 'j' in the first person singular. Click or tap on the verb to see the present tense sample sentences in Spanish and listen to audio.

CORREGIR
ELEGIR
ESCOGER
EXIGIR
PROTEGER
RECOGER

The following verbs change the 'gu' to a 'g' in the first person singular only. They also change the 'e' to an 'i' in all forms except nosotros and vosotros.

CONSEGUIR
DISTINGUIR
PERSEGUIR
PROSEGUIR
SEGUIR

Verbs that end in 'uir' change the 'i' to a 'y' in all persons except nosotros and vosotros.

CONCLUIR
CONSTRUIR
DESTRUIR
DISTRIBUIR
HUIR
INCLUIR
INFLUIR
SUSTITUIR